Tourism Information of Azerbaijan, West

Kerman Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran . Kerman is in the southeast of Iran with its administrative center in the city of Kerman . In 2014 it was placed in Region 5 . Mentioned in ancient times as the Achamenid satrapy of Carmania , it is the second largest province of Iran with an area of 180 , 726 km² , that encompasses nearly 11 percent of the land area of Iran . The population of the province is about 3 million (9th in the country) . The main townships of Kerman province are Baft , Bardsir , Bam , Jiroft , Rafsanjan , Zarand , Sirjan , Shahr-e-Babak , Kerman , Mahan , Rayen , Kahnuj , Ghale-Ganj , Manujan , Roodbar-e-Jonob , Anbar Abad , and Ravar .


History and culture

Kerman province is considered a paradise for palaeontologists because of an abundance of vertebrate fossils from different geological eras . Fossils include Placodermi , jawed and jawless armoured fish dating back to the Devonian period (395 to 365 million years ago) , dinosaurs (195 to 66 million years ago) and mammals from the Tertiary period (ranging from two to seventy million years ago) .

The history of human settlements in the territory of Kerman dates back to the 4th millennium BC . This area is considered as one of the ancient regions of Iran and valuable historical vestiges have been discovered here . Jiroft is an example , where a previously unknown settlement dating back to around 2500 BC has been established by archeologists . Kerman has an abundance of historical sites and landmarks , 283 in total , according to Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization . Ancient abandoned citadels such as Arg-é Bam and Rayen castle have been preserved in the desert for 2,000 years .

Historical documents refer to Kerman as "Karmania" (in Ancient Greek Καρμανία) , "Kermania" , "Germania" , "Carmonia" , and "Žermanya" , which means bravery and combat . Geographers have recorded Kerman's ancient name as "Go'asheer" (Bardesheer) .



The altitudes and heights of the province are the continuation of the central mountain ranges of Iran . They extend from the volcanic folds beginning in Azarbaijan and , by branching out in the central plateau of Iran , terminate in Baluchestan . These mountain ranges have brought about vast plains in the province . The Bashagard and Kuh-e Banan Mountains are the highest in this region and include peaks such as Toghrol , Aljerd , Palvar , Sirach , Abareq and Tahrood . Other ranges that stretch out from Yazd to Kerman and Challeh-ye-Jazmoorian include peaks like Medvar , Shahr-e-Babak , Kuh-e Panj , Chehel Tan , Lalezar , Hezarbahr , Aseman and others .

Most of the province is largely steppe or sandy desert , although there are some oases where dates , oranges (said to be the best in Iran) , and pistachios are cultivated . In antiquity "Carmanian" wine was famed for its quality [Strabo XV.2.14 (cap. 726)] . The province is dependent on qanats (underground water channels) for its irrigation . In the central parts , Mount Hezar is the highest peak , 4465 meters above sea level .

Kerman is prone to natural disasters . A recent flood for example , unearthed the archeological ancient city of Jiroft , in the south of Kerman province . Arg-é Bam on the other hand , the world's largest adobe structure , was destroyed in an earthquake in December 2003 . On February 22, 2005, a major earthquake killed hundreds of residents in the town of Zarand and several nearby villages in north Kerman (see 2005 Zarand earthquake) .



The climate in the province varies across regions . The north , northwest , and central areas experience a dry and moderate climate , whereas in the south and southeast , the weather is warm and relatively humid . The city of Kerman and the surrounding regions have a semi-moderate and dry climate , with a maximum and minimum temperature of 39.6 °C, and -7 °C respectively . The average temperature during the months of March–June has been recorded as 20°-25 °C . These months are the most suitable for traveling and tourism .



Most of the population of Kerman are Persians and Shi'a Muslims . There is a large number of Baloch population living in the south of Kerman Province and are predominantly Sunni . Kerman also has a small but culturally significant Zoroastrian minority .

In 2011 the population of the province was 2,938,988 (1482339 male,1456649 female) in 786,400 households . 1684982 lived in urban areas , 1242344 in rural vicinities and 6082 accounted as non-residents .

In 1996, 52.9% of Kerman's population lived in urban areas , and 46% in rural vicinities , the remaining 1.1% accounted as non-residents . In 2006 urban population made 58.5%, in 2011 this rate decreased by 1% . The city of Kerman (2011 population : 621,374) embraces about 80% of the urban population , being the most developed and largest city of the province .



Natural attractions include thermal and mineral springs , recreational areas , verdant spaces , altitudes and peaks , lakes , pools , protected areas and the special desert features for adventure seekers .



As of 1920 , the province was known for the quality of its caraway . Today , Kerman is where a large portion of Iran's auto industry is based . Sirjan , a specially designated economic zone , is considered a passageway for transfer of imported commercial goods from the south (through the Persian Gulf) . Arg e Jadid , is another specially designated economic zone of Iran , located in Kerman province .



Colleges and universities

Kerman province contains the following universities :

1-    Kerman University of Medical Sciences

2-    Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman

3-    Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences

4-    Valiasr University of Rafsanjan

5-    Jiroft University

Sirjan University of Technology

Arg-e Bam

The Arg-e Bam was the largest adobe building in the world , located in Bam , a city in the Kerm?n Province of southeastern Iran . It is listed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site "Bam and its Cultural Landscape" . The origin of this enormous citadel on the Silk Road can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC) and even beyond . The heyday of the citadel was from the 7th to 11th centuries , being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments .
The entire building was a large fortress in whose heart the citadel itself was located , but because of the impressive look of the citadel , which forms the highest point , the entire fortress is named the Bam Citadel .
On December 26, 2003, the Citadel was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake , along with much of the rest of Bam and its environs . A few days after the earthquake , the Iranian President Mohammad Khatami announced that the Citadel would be rebuilt .

Shazdeh Garden

Shazdeh Garden meaning Prince’s Garden is a historical Persian garden located near (6km away from) Mahan in Kerman province , Iran .
The garden is 5.5 hectares with a rectangular shape and a wall around it . It consists of an entrance structure and gate at the lower end and a two-floor residential structure at the upper end . The distance between these two is ornamented with water fountains that are engined by the natural incline of the land . The garden is a fine example of Persian gardens that take advantage of suitable natural climate .
The garden was built originally for Mohammad Hasan Khan Qajar Sardari Iravani ca.1850 and was extended ca.1870 by Abdolhamid Mirza Naserodollehand during the eleven years of his governorship in the Qajar dynasty . The construction was left unfinished , due to the death of Abdolhamid Mirza in the early 1890s .

Rayen Castle

Rayen Castle is an adobe castle in 100 Kilometers south of Kerman province , Iran . It is situated on the skirts of the mountain Haraz . The medieval mudbrick city of Rayen is similar to the Arg-e Bam city which was destroyed in an earthquake in December 2003 . Rayen displays all the architectural elements of a deserted citadel . It is extremely well preserved , despite numerous natural disasters that have destroyed similar structures nearby , and it is one of the most interesting sites in Iran .
Rayen Castle was inhabited until 150 years ago and , although believed to be at least 1,000 years old , may have foundations from the pre-Islamic Sassanid era . According to the old documents , it was situated on the trade route , and was one of the centres for trading valuable goods and quality textiles . it was also a centre of sword and knife manufacturing , and later on , also guns.existence of a waterfall near the city , the Haraz mountain with 4501 meters of altitude , several fruit gardens , the mines of green and pink marble , Sodium Solphate , and several thermal springs , it's become and attractive touristic destination . During the reign of third Yazdgerd , the Sasanid King , Arabs could not conquer this city thanks to its high walls supporting the counterparts of the city .

Ganjali Khan Complex

The Ganjali Khan Complex is a Safavid-era building complex , located in the old center of city of Kerman , Iran . The complex is composed of a school , a square , a caravanserai , a bathhouse , an Ab Anbar (water reservoir) , a mint , a mosque and a bazaar .
The Ganjali Khan Complex was built by Ganj Ali Khan who governed Kerman , Sistan and Kandahar provinces from 1596 to 1621 under Safavid Shah Abbas I . A number of inscriptions laid inside the complex indicate the exact date when these places have been built . The architect of the complex was Mohammad Soltani from Yazd .

Shah Nematollah Vali Shrine

The Shah Nematollah Vali Shrine is a historical complex , located in Mahan , Iran , which contains the mausoleum of Shah Nematollah Vali , the renowned Iranian mystic and poet . Shah Nematollah Vali died in 1431 aged over 100 . In 1436 a shrine was erected in his honor and became a pilgrimage site ; with the attention of successive rulers contributing various additions over the centuries .